CPR Refresher: Are You Up to Date?

It is estimated that more than 350,000 people die from cardiac arrest each year in the United States. CPR can be a lifesaver if you know how to do it correctly. we recommend that you take a refresher course every two years to make sure you have all the latest information about CPR and AEDs (automated external defibrillators). Here are some tips to help keep your skills up-to-date:

Essential Steps to Take if Someone Collapses

If you're a caregiver, it's important to know what to do if someone collapses. The most important action you can take is to call 911 immediately and then begin CPR if the victim is unresponsive. Do not move the person unless they are in immediate danger from something else or there is a chance of an electrical shock. Check for breathing by placing your ear next to their mouth and nose; listen for air coming out of them (inhaling), then look at their chest to see if it rises and falls when breathing occurs. If there is no breathing, immediately begin compressions on their chest with two fingers located above the nipples at mid-sternum level (this area corresponds roughly with where your hands would be placed when giving chest compressions). Continue until help has arrived or you are exhausted--remember that even just one minute may save someone's life!

CPR is a lifesaving technique that should be performed until help arrives or the person is revived.

If you are the first person on the scene to perform CPR, it's important that you stay current on your training so that if the situation requires more than one person, they know what they're doing and can assist with chest compressions while someone else administers rescue breaths.

The correct hand placement for chest compressions is to place them directly over the sternum (breastbone), with your thumbs on top of each other and your fingers interlaced. Use the heel of your hand to compress the chest at least 2 inches deep, at a rate of 100-120 times per minute. If there are more than one rescuer, they should switch off every 1-2 minutes.

When you start noticing signs that indicate that someone is regaining consciousness (such as opening their eyes or coughing), stop giving compressions immediately.

Start CPR immediately. Is it after a heart attack or more commonly after someone's breathing stops? (i.e., an asthma attack)Look for signs of breathing and pulse before starting chest compressions: If you can see that their chest is rising and falling with each breath, then they are still breathing on their own. If there's no sign of breathing but you can feel the person's pulse, then continue giving chest compressions until somebody else takes over or until you've sent for help. Continue doing this until the person starts breathing again on his or her own

    When you begin chest compressions, how long should you continue until somebody else takes over or you've been sent for help?

    The correct answer is: immediately begin CPR. You should continue for at least 2 minutes if you are alone and have no help; if there is someone with you who can take over, they should do so after one minute of chest compressions. If there is no one available to take over from you, continue CPR until the person is breathing on their own or help arrives (this may be up to 5 minutes).

    There are several important things to remember when performing CPR:

    • The amount of force needed to administer a proper squeeze on the chest during CPR can vary based on the age and size of the patient. For example, children require less pressure than adults because they have smaller chests.
    • Even if you're following all of these guidelines, there are still times when it may be necessary for you to adjust your hand placement slightly so that you don't accidentally stop compressions by placing too much emphasis on one part over another (for example, using only one finger instead of two). If this happens during a real emergency situation where someone's life is at stake--and even if it doesn't--it's important not to get frustrated or discouraged; just keep practicing until everything feels natural!

    CPR is a skill that requires regular practice in order for you to be able to use it effectively, and the more you practice, the better you get at it. The more confident you feel in your ability to act during an emergency situation like cardiac arrest or other life-threatening emergencies makes all the difference when someone needs help fast!

    There are many different types of CPR out there today; however, most medical professionals recommend chest compressions only CPR (also known as "hands only" or "direct pressure") for adults, children, and infants who have gone into cardiac arrest due to sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). Providing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is no longer required by most medical professionals because it can interfere with effective chest compressions while increasing risk factors such as bleeding gums and dental injuries if done incorrectly by untrained individuals

    In conclusion, it's important to keep your CPR skills up-to-date. We recommend that all adults receive training every two years, and this refresher course can help you keep those skills sharp!


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