Effective Treatment for Second and Third Degree Burns


Suffering from second or third-degree burns can be a distressing and painful experience. These burns are more severe compared to first-degree burns, affecting deeper layers of the skin. In this blog post, we will explore effective treatment strategies for second and third-degree burns, providing insights from MyCPR NOW. Understanding how to manage these burns properly can help alleviate pain, promote healing, and prevent complications.

1. Assessing the Severity of the Burn:
MyCPR NOW emphasizes the importance of assessing the severity of the burn before initiating treatment. Second-degree burns involve damage to the outer layer of skin (epidermis) and the underlying dermis, while third-degree burns extend deeper into the subcutaneous tissue. The severity of the burn will determine the appropriate treatment approach.

2. Removing the Source of Heat:
The first step in treating any burn is to remove the source of heat to prevent further damage. If the burn is caused by flames, extinguish the fire or move away from the heat source. For scalding burns, immediately remove the affected area from the hot liquid or object.

3. Cooling the Burn:
MyCPR NOW recommends cooling the burn with cool running water for at least 10 to 20 minutes. Avoid using ice or very cold water, as it can further damage the skin. Cooling the burn helps reduce pain, minimize tissue damage, and prevent the burn from spreading deeper into the skin.

4. Covering the Burn:
For second-degree burns, MyCPR NOW suggests covering the affected area with a sterile non-stick dressing or clean cloth to protect it from infection. Avoid using adhesive bandages directly on the burn, as they can stick to the wound and cause further damage when removed. Third-degree burns often require immediate medical attention, and covering the burn loosely with a clean, dry cloth can help protect it until medical professionals arrive.

5. Seeking Medical Attention:
MyCPR NOW stresses the importance of seeking medical attention for third-degree burns, large second-degree burns, burns involving the face, hands, feet, genitals, or major joints, or burns caused by chemicals, electricity, or inhalation. These burns require specialized care and may need interventions such as wound debridement, grafting, or pain management.

6. Managing Pain:
Pain management is an important aspect of burn treatment. MyCPR NOW suggests taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, as directed by a healthcare professional. Topical pain relievers or burn-specific creams may also provide temporary relief. However, always consult with a healthcare professional before using any medications or creams.

7. Preventing Infection:
Keeping the burn clean and preventing infection is crucial for proper healing. MyCPR NOW recommends gently washing the burn with mild soap and water daily and applying a thin layer of antibiotic ointment if advised by a healthcare professional. Regularly changing dressings and maintaining good hand hygiene are essential to reduce the risk of infection.

8. Promoting Healing and Minimizing Scarring:
MyCPR NOW advises promoting healing and minimizing scarring through proper wound care. Avoid popping any blisters that form, as they act as natural barriers against infection. Once the burn begins to heal, keeping the area moisturized with a gentle, fragrance-free lotion can help prevent excessive dryness and promote healthy skin regeneration.


Proper treatment for second and third-degree burns is crucial to promote healing, manage pain, and prevent complications. MyCPR NOW provides valuable insights on assessing burn severity, cooling the burn, covering the wound, seeking medical attention when necessary, managing pain, preventing infection, and promoting healing. Remember, while initial treatment for second-degree burns can often be managed at home, third-degree burns and severe second-degree burns require immediate medical attention. Always consult with a healthcare professional for a proper assessment and guidance regarding burn treatment. By following the recommended treatment strategies and seeking appropriate medical care, you can ensure the best possible outcome for second and third-degree burns.

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