The number of chest compressions you should perform per minute during CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) is a critical factor in providing effective life-saving care during cardiac arrest or other life-threatening situations. The recommended compression rate for CPR is at least 100 to 120 compressions per minute. This means you should aim to perform 100 to 120 chest compressions in one minute.
Here's a breakdown of the recommended compression rate for different age groups and situations:
1. Adult CPR (Aged Puberty and Older):
For adult victims, the recommended compression rate is at least 100 to 120 compressions per minute. Follow these steps when performing adult CPR:
- Check for Responsiveness: Ensure that the victim is unresponsive by tapping or gently shaking them and shouting for help.
- Begin Chest Compressions: Place the heel of one hand on the center of the victim's chest (usually between the nipples) and place the other hand on top of the first hand. Lock your elbows and use your upper body weight to push down hard and fast at the recommended rate.
- Allow Chest to Recoil: After each compression, allow the chest to fully recoil to its normal position before initiating the next compression. This allows for proper blood flow.
- Continue Compressions: Continue chest compressions until trained medical personnel arrive or until an automated external defibrillator (AED) becomes available.
2. Child CPR:
For child victims (typically aged 1 to the onset of puberty), the recommended compression rate is also at least 100 to 120 compressions per minute. When performing child CPR:
- Use the "30:2" compression-to-ventilation ratio, which means 30 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths.
3. Infant CPR:
For infants (up to 1 year of age), the recommended compression rate is the same as for adults and children, which is at least 100 to 120 compressions per minute. When performing infant CPR:
- Use the "15:2" compression-to-ventilation ratio, which means 15 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths.
Maintaining the correct rate and depth of chest compressions is crucial for providing effective CPR and sustaining blood circulation and oxygenation to vital organs. It's essential to practice and refresh your CPR skills regularly to ensure you can perform chest compressions at the appropriate rate when it matters most. Additionally, consider taking a CPR certification course to receive proper training and certification in CPR techniques, including the correct compression rates for different age groups.