The ABCs of Bloodborne Diseases: HIV, Hep B & Hep C

Bloodborne diseases are infections that you can get from another person's blood. They include HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. These infections usually spread when infected blood or other body fluids enter your bloodstream through a break in your skin or mucous membranes. For example, you could get HIV if you're cut while using a dirty needle to inject drugs or have unprotected sex with someone who has HIV/AIDS. Many people don't realize that they have been exposed to bloodborne diseases because they aren't showing any symptoms yet—but they can still pass the infection along to others before they do show any signs of illness themselves.


HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. It's transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. HIV cannot be transmitted through saliva or tears.

HIV can only be transmitted when there is an exchange of body fluids: during vaginal sex; anal sex; oral sex; and sharing needles with someone who has HIV (for example, if you shoot up heroin). You cannot get it from hugging or kissing someone who has HIV because these activities do not involve any exchange of bodily fluids. You also cannot get it from shaking hands with someone who has HIV because again there is no exchange of bodily fluids involved in this activity either!

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a virus that causes inflammation of the liver. It can be transmitted through blood and body fluids, such as semen, vaginal fluid, urine, and saliva. Hepatitis B is a leading cause of liver cancer and liver failure.

The hepatitis B vaccine has been available for decades and has reduced new cases by 75 percent worldwide since 1990. In some countries, including the United States, more than 90 percent of children receive this vaccination series before their first birthday; however, only 50 percent have received all three doses needed for full immunity by age 19 in many developed nations today due to low rates among teens and young adults who did not receive their second dose until they were older than 12 years old

There are two general types: acute (short-term) infections lasting less than six months; chronic (longer-term) infections lasting over six months but less than 20 years with an estimated 350 million people worldwide living with chronic hepatitis B infection at any given time according to WHO estimates published in 2017

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a contagious liver disease that can be spread through contact with the blood of an infected person. It's called a bloodborne virus because it enters your body through your bloodstream, not by being inhaled or bitten by an insect.

Common ways people get hepatitis C include:

  • Using illegal drugs with shared equipment (needles and syringes)
  • Having sex with someone who's infected (including oral sex)

You can also get hepatitis C from getting a tattoo or piercing at an establishment where infection control measures aren't being followed properly, such as in prisons or on the street; or if you are born to an infected mother, though this is rare today since doctors now routinely test pregnant women for HCV before birth and treat those who test positive.

  • HIV is a virus that attacks your immune system. It's transmitted through blood, semen, and vaginal fluids.
  • Hepatitis B (HBV) is also known as hepatitis B virus or HBV. It affects your liver and can cause long-term health problems if left untreated.
  • HIV/AIDS can be prevented by using a condom and by not sharing needles when you inject drugs. If you think you've been exposed to either of these diseases, seek medical attention right away so they can determine if treatment is needed or not!

The most common STDs in the United States are chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. These three conditions can lead to serious complications if left untreated. Gonorrhea is an infection of the genital tract that's caused by a bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It's transmitted through sexual contact with someone who has the disease.


In conclusion, HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C are bloodborne diseases that can be spread through contact with infected blood. They are curable but not preventable. The best way to protect yourself against these diseases is by getting vaccinated against them if needed and practicing safe sex practices such as using condoms every time.


Back to blog