The Essential Steps of CPR: A Guide to Saving Lives


Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is a crucial life-saving technique used to revive individuals experiencing cardiac arrest or respiratory failure. Knowing the steps of CPR and being able to perform them effectively can make a significant difference in the outcome of an emergency situation. MyCPR NOW offers comprehensive online CPR certification courses that teach the essential steps of CPR and equip individuals with the skills to respond confidently in critical situations. In this blog post, we will explore the key steps of CPR as recommended by MyCPR NOW, highlighting their importance and providing guidance on how to perform each step correctly.

Step 1: Assess the Scene and Ensure Safety:

Before initiating CPR, it is crucial to assess the scene and ensure your safety and the safety of others. Look for potential hazards or dangers that could compromise your well-being or hinder the delivery of effective CPR. If the environment is unsafe, take necessary precautions or wait for professional medical help to arrive.

Step 2: Check Responsiveness:

Approach the victim and gently tap their shoulder while asking loudly, "Are you okay?" Observe their response and look for signs of consciousness or responsiveness. If there is no response or only a faint response, proceed to the next step.

Step 3: Call for Help:

If you are alone, call the emergency services or instruct someone nearby to do so. Ensure that professional medical help is on the way while you continue with CPR.

Step 4: Open the Airway:

Carefully position the victim on their back on a firm surface. Place one hand on the victim's forehead and two fingers of your other hand on their chin. Gently tilt their head back to open the airway, ensuring a clear passage for breathing.

Step 5: Check for Breathing:

Look, listen, and feel for any signs of breathing. Watch for chest rise and fall, listen for sounds of breathing, and feel for exhaled air on your cheek. Do this for no more than 10 seconds. If the victim is not breathing or is only gasping, proceed to the next step.

Step 6: Perform Chest Compressions:

Position yourself by kneeling beside the victim's chest. Place the heel of one hand in the center of the victim's chest, slightly above the lower half of the breastbone. Place your other hand on top, interlacing your fingers. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly over your hands. Using the weight of your upper body, push hard and fast downward, compressing the chest at a depth of at least two inches. Allow for full chest recoil between compressions.

Step 7: Deliver Rescue Breaths:

After each set of 30 chest compressions, open the victim's airway again by tilting their head back and lifting their chin. Pinch the victim's nose closed, create a seal over their mouth with your mouth, and give two rescue breaths, each lasting about one second. Watch for visible chest rise with each breath.

Step 8: Continue CPR Cycles:

Continue performing cycles of 30 chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths until professional medical help arrives, an AED (Automated External Defibrillator) becomes available, or the victim shows signs of movement or normal breathing.

Step 9: Use an AED (if available):

If an AED is available, turn it on and follow the voice prompts or visual instructions provided. Apply the electrode pads to the victim's bare chest as directed and follow the device's instructions for delivering a shock if advised.

Step 10: Transition to Professional Medical Care:

Once professional medical help arrives, allow the medical professionals to take over and continue with advanced life support measures. Provide them with relevant information about the victim's condition and the actions you have taken.


Knowing the steps of CPR and being able to perform them effectively can be life-saving in emergency situations. MyCPR NOW offers comprehensive online CPR certification courses that provide individuals with the knowledge and skills to perform CPR correctly. By following the essential steps of CPR, assessing the scene, ensuring safety, checking responsiveness, calling for help, opening the airway, performing chest compressions, delivering rescue breaths, and utilizing an AED if available, you can significantly improve the chances of survival for individuals experiencing cardiac arrest or respiratory failure. Enroll in MyCPR NOW's online CPR certification course today and gain the confidence to respond effectively in critical situations.

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