Performing CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) at the correct rate of chest compressions is crucial for increasing a victim's chances of survival during a cardiac arrest or other life-threatening situations. The recommended rate for chest compressions in CPR is typically 100 to 120 compressions per minute. This rate ensures that the heart is adequately stimulated to maintain blood circulation and oxygenation.
Here's what you need to know about the recommended rate of chest compressions during CPR:
1. Adult CPR (Aged Puberty and Older):
For adult victims, the recommended rate for chest compressions is 100 to 120 compressions per minute. It's essential to aim for this range to maximize the effectiveness of CPR certification.
When performing adult CPR, follow these steps:
- Check for Responsiveness: Ensure that the victim is unresponsive by tapping or gently shaking them and shouting for help.
- Begin Chest Compressions: Place the heel of one hand on the center of the victim's chest (usually between the nipples) and place the other hand on top of the first hand. Lock your elbows and use your upper body weight to push down hard and fast at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.
- Allow Chest to Recoil: After each compression, allow the chest to fully recoil to its normal position before initiating the next compression. This allows for proper blood flow.
- Continue Compressions: Continue chest compressions until trained medical personnel arrive or until an automated external defibrillator (AED) becomes available.
2. Child and Infant CPR:
For child and infant victims (those under puberty age), the recommended rate for chest compressions is also 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
When performing child and infant CPR, consider the following:
- For children, use the "30:2" compression-to-ventilation ratio, which means 30 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths.
- For infants, use the "15:2" compression-to-ventilation ratio, which means 15 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths.
- Adjust the depth of compressions based on the child's or infant's size, compressing the chest about one-third the depth of their chest.
- Focus on high-quality chest compressions, ensuring that each compression reaches the appropriate depth while allowing for full chest recoil.
Maintaining the correct rate of chest compressions is essential for providing effective CPR and sustaining blood circulation and oxygen delivery to the victim's vital organs. It's recommended to practice and refresh your CPR skills regularly to ensure you can perform chest compressions at the appropriate rate when it matters most. Additionally, consider taking a CPR certification course to receive proper training and certification in CPR techniques.