How Many Chest Compressions Per Minute?

The rate of chest compressions in CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) is a critical factor in providing effective life-saving care during cardiac arrest or other life-threatening situations. The recommended rate for chest compressions in CPR is 100 to 120 compressions per minute. This rate is crucial for maintaining blood circulation and oxygenation to vital organs, thereby increasing the chances of survival.

Here's a breakdown of the recommended rate of chest compressions for different age groups and situations:

1. Adult CPR (Aged Puberty and Older):

For adult victims, the recommended rate for chest compressions is 100 to 120 compressions per minute. Follow these steps when performing adult CPR:

  1. Check for Responsiveness: Ensure that the victim is unresponsive by tapping or gently shaking them and shouting for help.
  2. Begin Chest Compressions: Place the heel of one hand on the center of the victim's chest (usually between the nipples) and place the other hand on top of the first hand. Lock your elbows and use your upper body weight to push down hard and fast at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.
  3. Allow Chest to Recoil: After each compression, allow the chest to fully recoil to its normal position before initiating the next compression. This allows for proper blood flow.
  4. Continue Compressions: Continue chest compressions until trained medical personnel arrive or until an automated external defibrillator (AED) becomes available.

2. Child CPR:

For child victims, use the same recommended rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. When performing child CPR:

  • Use the "30:2" compression-to-ventilation ratio, which means 30 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths.
  • Adjust the depth of compressions based on the child's size, compressing the chest about one-third the depth of their chest.
  • Focus on high-quality chest compressions, ensuring that each compression reaches the appropriate depth while allowing for full chest recoil.

3. Infant CPR:

For infants, also maintain the recommended rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. When performing infant CPR:

  • Use the "15:2" compression-to-ventilation ratio, which means 15 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths.
  • Adjust the depth of compressions based on the infant's size, compressing the chest about one-third the depth of their chest.
  • Maintain high-quality chest compressions, ensuring that each compression reaches the appropriate depth while allowing for full chest recoil.

Properly paced chest compressions are crucial for maintaining blood flow and oxygen delivery to the brain and vital organs during a cardiac arrest. It's important to practice and refresh your CPR skills regularly to ensure you can perform chest compressions at the appropriate rate when it matters most. Additionally, consider taking a CPR certification course to receive proper training and certification in CPR techniques.

CPR + First Aid Certification

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