Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is a life-saving technique used in emergencies when someone's heartbeat or breathing has stopped. It's a crucial skill that can make a significant difference in the outcome of sudden cardiac arrest or other medical emergencies.
When to Perform CPR?
Unresponsive and Not Breathing
If a person is unresponsive and not breathing normally, CPR is necessary.
After Calling for Help
Always make sure to call emergency services before starting CPR unless you are not alone, and someone else can make the call.
Basic Steps of CPR
Check the Scene for Safety
Make sure it's safe for you to approach the victim.
Shout and tap the person gently to see if there's a response.
Call for Emergency Assistance
Dial emergency services or instruct someone to do so.
Begin chest compressions as soon as possible.
Performing Chest Compressions
Place one hand over the other, keeping the fingers lifted so that only the palm of the lower hand touches the chest.
Stand or kneel directly over the person's chest.
Depth and Rate
Compressions should be at least 2 inches deep and at a rate of 100-120 per minute.
Make sure to let the chest rise back to its normal position between compressions.
Adding Rescue Breaths
Tilt the Head Back
Lift the chin up to open the airway.
Check for Breathing
Look, listen, and feel for breaths for no more than 10 seconds.
Pinch the nose shut and cover the person's mouth with yours, making an airtight seal. Give two breaths, each lasting one second.
The recommended ratio for chest compressions to rescue breaths is 30:2 for adults.
If there is another trained individual present, switch every 2 minutes to avoid fatigue.
Professional Training and Certification
The best way to become proficient in CPR is through a recognized training program, which provides hands-on practice and real-time feedback from a qualified instructor.
Equipment and Tools
While basic CPR can be performed without any equipment, various tools like automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can assist in making the procedure more effective.
CPR is a potentially life-saving skill that everyone should consider learning. Proper technique is crucial for its effectiveness. This blog aims to offer general guidance and should not replace professional medical training and advice. Always consult with healthcare professionals for the most accurate and personalized guidance.