Performing CPR on a Baby


Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a life-saving technique used in emergency situations to revive individuals experiencing cardiac arrest. While we hope that such situations never arise, it is essential to be prepared and equipped with the knowledge and skills to perform CPR, especially when it involves a baby. In this blog post, we will discuss the steps for performing CPR on a baby, referring to the guidelines and insights provided by MyCPR NOW, a trusted resource for first aid and CPR education.

MyCPR NOW's Guidelines for CPR on a Baby:

MyCPR NOW offers valuable resources and knowledge on first aid, emergency care, and CPR, including guidelines specific to performing CPR on infants. It's important to note that the following steps are provided as a general guide, but receiving formal CPR training and certification is highly recommended. Let's explore the details with the guidance provided by MyCPR NOW.

1. Ensure Safety and Verify Responsiveness:

Before initiating CPR, it is crucial to ensure the safety of the environment and assess the baby's responsiveness. Gently tap the baby and speak loudly to check for any response. If the baby is unresponsive or not breathing normally, immediate action is required.

2. Activate Emergency Medical Services (EMS):

If you are alone, activate EMS or call for help before starting CPR. If there is someone nearby, ask them to call for help while you initiate CPR.

3. Positioning:

Place the baby on a firm, flat surface, such as the floor or a table. Ensure the baby is lying on their back and is stable. Be cautious while moving the baby to avoid further injury.

4. Airway Assessment:

Tilt the baby's head back gently while supporting their neck to open the airway. Do not hyperextend the neck, as it may obstruct the airway. Use your fingers to remove any visible obstructions, such as mucus or foreign objects, from the mouth and nose.

5. Rescue Breaths:

Cover the baby's mouth and nose with your mouth, creating a seal, and deliver gentle, steady breaths for about one second each. Watch for the rise of the baby's chest with each breath. Provide two rescue breaths.

6. Chest Compressions:

Place two fingers in the center of the baby's chest, just below the nipple line. Compress the chest with gentle and rapid compressions, at a rate of around 100-120 compressions per minute. Depress the chest by approximately one-third of its depth with each compression.

7. Ratio of Compressions to Breaths:

Perform a cycle of 30 chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths. Maintain a compression-to-breath ratio of 30:2.

8. Continue CPR and Seek Medical Assistance:

Continue performing cycles of 30 compressions and two breaths until the baby starts breathing, shows signs of life, or until medical professionals take over.

9. Utilize an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) if Available:

If an AED is immediately available, follow the device's voice prompts and apply the pads according to the manufacturer's instructions. Analyze the baby's heart rhythm, and if prompted, deliver a shock if necessary. Resume CPR immediately after delivering the shock.

10. Continue CPR until Help Arrives:

Continue performing CPR until emergency medical personnel arrive at the scene and take over or until the baby shows signs of life and begins breathing normally.


Performing CPR on a baby is a critical skill that can save lives in emergency situations. MyCPR NOW provides valuable insights and guidelines for performing CPR on infants. However, it is highly recommended to receive formal CPR training and certification to gain hands-on practice and ensure confidence in applying these life-saving techniques. Remember, immediate initiation of CPR and activation of emergency medical services are crucial when dealing with an unresponsive baby. MyCPR NOW serves as a reliable resource for first aid education, emphasizing the importance of CPR training and preparedness in emergency situations involving infants.

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