Performing CPR on a Child: Step-by-Step Guide


Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a life-saving technique performed in emergency situations when someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped. While CPR techniques may vary depending on the age and size of the individual, performing CPR on a child requires special considerations and techniques. In this blog post, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to perform CPR on a child, with insights from MyCPR NOW, a trusted resource for CPR certification and training.

MyCPR NOW's Insights on CPR for Children:

MyCPR NOW recognizes the importance of knowing the proper techniques and steps to perform CPR on a child. Let's explore the insights provided by MyCPR NOW regarding CPR for children.

Step-by-Step Guide to Performing CPR on a Child:

1. Assess the Situation:
Before initiating CPR, ensure the scene is safe for both you and the child. Assess the child's responsiveness by tapping their shoulders gently and asking if they are okay.

2. Activate Emergency Medical Services (EMS):
If the child is unresponsive and not breathing normally, shout for help and activate EMS immediately. If there is someone nearby, instruct them to call for emergency medical assistance while you initiate CPR.

3. Position the Child:
Place the child on a firm surface, such as the ground or a flat, hard floor. Ensure the child is lying on their back and remove any objects or clothing that may interfere with CPR.

4. Perform Chest Compressions:
Kneel beside the child's chest and place the heel of one hand in the center of their chest, slightly below the nipple line. Use your other hand to support the back of the child's head. Depress the chest at least one-third the depth of the chest (approximately 2 inches) at a rate of about 100-120 compressions per minute. Allow the chest to recoil fully between compressions.

5. Give Rescue Breaths:
After 30 compressions, deliver rescue breaths to the child. Maintain an open airway by tilting the child's head back slightly, lifting the chin, and pinching the child's nose. Create a seal over the child's mouth with your mouth and give two gentle breaths, each lasting about one second. Watch for the chest to rise with each breath.

6. Continue Cycles of Compressions and Breaths:
Alternate between 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths until help arrives or the child starts to show signs of life. Aim to complete at least five cycles of compressions and breaths in about two minutes.

7. Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED):
If an AED is available, follow the prompts and apply it to the child's chest as soon as possible. Ensure that no one is touching the child during the analysis and shock delivery process. Resume CPR immediately after the shock or as advised by the AED.

8. Keep Performing CPR:
Continue CPR until the child starts breathing on their own, emergency medical professionals arrive and take over, or you are too exhausted to continue. Do not stop CPR unless a healthcare professional tells you to do so.

9. Stay Calm and Reassure the Child:
While performing CPR, remain calm and provide reassurance to the child. Speak calmly and confidently to help alleviate their anxiety and distress.

10. Reflect on Your Performance:
After the situation is under control, take a moment to reflect on the CPR performance. Evaluate what went well and consider areas for improvement. This self-reflection can help enhance your skills for future emergency situations.

Remember, these steps are a general guideline for performing CPR on a child. It is strongly recommended to undergo certified CPR training to gain hands-on experience and proficiency in CPR techniques.


Performing CPR on a child can be a critical intervention in an emergency situation. MyCPR NOW's insights provide a valuable step-by-step guide for performing CPR on a child, emphasizing the importance of early recognition, activation of emergency medical services, proper chest compressions, rescue breaths, and the use of an AED if available. However, it is essential to seek certified CPR training to ensure you are equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge to respond effectively in emergency scenarios. MyCPR NOW serves as a trusted resource for CPR certification and training, providing valuable insights on performing CPR on children.

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