What is Hypovolemic Shock?

Hypovolemic shock happens when someone has blood or fluid losses that are so great that the heart no longer has enough volume to pump blood throughout the body to sustain proper function. Common causes of hypovolemic shock include severe blood loss from a main artery that has become damaged or has burst, a serious bodily injury, severe vomiting, burns, and excessive sweating. Hypovolemic shock can happen to anyone and knowing the symptoms to prevent the condition can help keep you safe. 

Symptoms of hypovolemic shock include rapid breathing, excessive sweating, decreased amount of urine output or unable to go at all, confusion, and unconsciousness. If you see someone experiencing these symptoms, call 911 and try to keep them warm to prevent hypothermia from setting in.  Keep them flat to help slow down the loss of fluids.  Do not attempt to give the victim fluids by mouth. They will need to have an IV set up for fluid resuscitation at the hospital.  Keep them stable and calm until emergency medical help arrives.

If hypovolemic shock is left untreated, it could result in kidney failure, organ damage, brain damage, or death. The risk of having a heart attack significantly increases as well.  If the person has sustained a serious injury and hypovolemic shock has set in, that person may have to undergo an amputation, if medical care is not received fast enough. Medical teams divide hypovolemic shock into four stages to better understand the severity of shock an individual may be in.  Stage one indicates that an individual has lost less than 15% volume of blood or fluids.  Stage two indicates that an individual has lost between 15-30% of blood or fluids.  Stage three is between 30-40% loss of blood or fluids.  Stage four is the most severe with a blood or fluid loss of over 40%. 

CPR first aid AED certification teaches you how to be better prepared for medical emergencies.  CPR professional rescuer certification courses can be taken online for convenience.  First aid and AED course work will teach you about shock and how to help someone that may be in shock.  First aid courses at home is the greatest gift you can give to yourself to help keep you and your loved ones safe. First aid renewal online programs are also available for those that already have a certification and need to update their certification.

CPR and First Aid Certification
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