Pet CPR + First Aid Certification Manual: Bleeding
External bleeding is any time blood has exited the body through a wound. An example of external bleeding is a cut that is visibly bleeding.
Internal bleeding is any time a pet is bleeding inside his/her body, but it cannot be seen. A minor example of internal bleeding is a bruise.
Arterial bleeding is caused by a damaged or cut artery.
Appearance: Bright red, Spurting movement with the heart beat
Capillary (superficial) Bleeding
Capillary bleeding is surface level bleeding caused by damaged capillaries.
Appearance: Red, Trickle movement that often clots and stops quickly
Venous bleeding is caused by a damaged or cut vein.
Appearance: Dark red, Oozing movement with the heart beat
First Aid Steps:
1. Ensure scene safety
2. Get PPE and first aid kit
3. Apply direct pressure and treat in accordance with the type of wound
4. Take your pet to the veterinarian