CPR + First Aid + BBP Certification Manual: Protection from Pathogens

Bloodborne Pathogens: Protection from Pathogens

Universal precautions refers to standard procedures used to avoid contact with human blood and other bodily fluids. Universal precautions should be taken for your own protection whether you are aware that a bloodborne pathogen is present or not. These precautions also include measures to prevent contact with other potentially infectious materials (OPIM). BSI and PPE are essential components of universal precautions. It is crucial to use these precautions to prevent contact with potentially infectious materials and protect workers from occupational exposure to infectious agents.


BSI is the concept of isolating oneself from the elements of another individual's body substances. The concept is designed to protect individuals from becoming contaminated with various infectious agents.

BSI is particularly important for individuals with compromised immune systems, such as those with older age, underlying medical conditions, or those on certain medications, as they are at a higher risk of complications from infections like COVID-19.


PPE is the utilization of equipment to protect one’s self from infectious materials and to safeguard epithelial cells from exposure to pathogens. The use of PPE is designed to control infectious materials from contaminating other individuals. Several examples of PPE are latex gloves, disposable caps & gowns and face masks.

PPE plays a crucial role in preventing the spread of infectious diseases, which have historically been a leading cause of natural deaths and continue to pose significant challenges globally.